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UN rights specialists involved about modifications from India to Kashmir

SRINAGAR, India (AP) – UN human rights specialists have urged India to make sure that the rights of the folks of Kashmir are safeguarded after New Delhi withdraws semi-autonomous standing from the disputed area and imposed a sequence of administrative modifications by way of new legal guidelines.

Two specialists from the Workplace of the United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Human Rights stated in a press release that the modifications “may cut back the earlier degree of political participation of Muslims and different minorities” and expressed considerations about demographic modifications within the nation. the area.

The assertion Thursday night time got here as diplomats from more than 20 countries stationed within the capital of India concluded a two-day go to to the area.

Indian Overseas Ministry spokesman Anurag Srivastava lamented the specialists’ assertion and stated they despatched a questionnaire to the federal government on February 10 and “didn’t even watch for our response.”

“As an alternative, they selected to reveal their inaccurate assumptions to the media,” he stated, including that “this was additionally intentionally timed to coincide with the go to” of overseas diplomats.

Srivastava stated the assertion “ignores the actual fact” that Kashmir “is an integral and inalienable a part of India” and that the choice to abolish its semi-autonomy was taken by the Indian Parliament. He additionally known as considerations about demographic modifications “unfounded and unfounded”.

“We anticipate particular rapporteurs to develop a greater understanding of the problems into account earlier than leaping to hasty conclusions and issuing press releases,” he stated.

In August 2019, in a context of extreme repression, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist government stripped Kashmir of statehood, scrapped its separate constitution, and removed legacy protections over land and jobs. He divided and declassified the area right into a territory dominated by the federal authorities.

Since then, many new legal guidelines have been enacted, together with one new law on domicile, which critics say is the beginning of a colonization by Indian Hindu settlers aimed toward bringing about demographic change within the area.

Fernand de Varennes, the particular rapporteur on minority points, and Ahmed Shaheed, the particular rapporteur on freedom of faith or perception, stated that after the modifications, folks within the area “misplaced the ability to legislate or change the legal guidelines ”to guard their rights as minorities.

“These legislative modifications might have the potential to pave the way in which for folks from exterior the previous state of Jammu and Kashmir to settle within the area, alter the demographics of the area and compromise the power of minorities to train. successfully their human rights, ”the specialists stated.

“The variety of profitable candidates for certificates of domicile which seem to return from exterior Jammu and Kashmir raises considerations that demographic change on a linguistic, spiritual and ethnic foundation is already underway,” stated they said.

Specialists are involved with the Indian authorities, in accordance with their assertion.

Muslim-majority Kashmir is split between India and Pakistan, however claimed by each in its entirety. Rebels within the area have been combating Indian rule since 1989.

Previous to the 2019 change, Indian-controlled Kashmir was a state with particular provisions within the Indian Structure that granted its folks particular rights.

In anticipation of a backlash in opposition to the removing of those rights, Indian authorities despatched further troops to the already extremely militarized area and launched a extreme safety crackdown that lower cellphone and web entry, shut down colleges and left a whole bunch of 1000’s of individuals out of labor. Many restrictions have since been relaxed, however India’s safety presence within the area stays excessive.

Exterior entry to the area stays restricted, with overseas journalists prohibited besides these taken on government-guided excursions.

Many Muslim Kashmiris assist the rebels’ objective of the territory being united beneath Pakistani rule or as an unbiased nation. India has known as the insurgent motion terrorism. Tens of 1000’s of civilians, rebels and authorities forces have been killed within the battle.

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