Tanzania has been spared the inner conflicts which have ravaged many African states.
Nonetheless, home stability has not translated into financial prosperity for Tanzanians. Lots of its individuals reside under the World Financial institution poverty line, though the nation has been profitable in courting donors and traders.
Tanzania is house to 2 famend vacationer locations – Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, and wildlife-rich nationwide parks such because the Serengeti – however has change into a goal for poachers.
Environmentalists have warned that your complete elephant inhabitants could possibly be worn out by the top of the last decade if it continues to be killed for its ivory on the present price.
President: John Magufuli
Nicknamed “The Bulldozer” for his drive in highway constructing and his popularity for honesty as a minister, John Magufuli was elected president in 2015 on guarantees of financial restoration and, just like the opposition, of combating corruption. .
Mr Magufuli has raised worldwide concern over his marketing campaign towards unbiased media and different points, together with homosexual rights and his dealing with of the Covid-19 pandemic. He received the presidential election of October 2020 by a large margin, amid allegations of opposition fraud.
The legal guidelines encourage self-censorship whereas threats and assaults on journalists hamper essential reporting, in line with US-based Freedom Home.
That hasn’t stopped the nation’s media scene from rising: as soon as small and largely state-controlled, the media trade grew quickly after the appearance of the multi-party period within the mid-Nineteen Nineties.
Tv is a laggard, with state tv launching solely in 2001.
Some key dates within the historical past of Tanzania:
1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama visits the Tanzanian coast. Portugal succeeded in controlling many of the East African coast, till it was ousted from Zanzibar in 1699 by the Omani Arabs.
1884 – The German Colonization Society begins to amass territory, ushering in an period of German management over mainland Tanzania, whereas Britain enjoys a protectorate over Zanzibar.
1916 – British, Belgian and South African troops occupy German East Africa. Three years later, the League of Nations gave Nice Britain a mandate over Tanganyika – at this time’s mainland Tanzania.
1961 – Tanganyika turns into unbiased with Julius Nyerere as Prime Minister; Zanzibar gained independence in 1963.
1964 – Two territories unite in Tanzania.
1978 – The Ugandans quickly occupy a part of Tanzania’s territory, and in 1979, Tanzanian forces invade Uganda, occupy the capital, Kampala, and assist oust President Idi Amin.
1992 – Structure amended to permit multiparty politics.
1998 – Islamist Al-Qaeda terrorist group bombs US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya.
2001 – At the least 31 individuals are killed and 100 others arrested in Zanzibar in protests towards the federal government’s ban on opposition rallies calling for brand new elections.
Later that 12 months, tens of 1000’s of opposition supporters marched by means of the business capital, Dar es Salaam, within the first main joint demonstration by opposition events in many years.
2012 – Oil exploration firms Statoil and Exxon Mobil make a serious discovery of gasoline reserves off the coast of Tanzania.