Migrant father charged with son's demise on journey to Greece

VATHY, Greece (AP) — On a pine-covered hill above the glowing blue Aegean lies a boy’s grave, a teddy bear leaning in opposition to the white marble tombstone. His first boat experience was his final — the ocean claimed him earlier than his sixth birthday.

The Afghan little one with a tuft of spiky hair stares out of a photograph on his headstone, a touch of a smile on his lips. “He drowned in a shipwreck,” the inscription reads. “It wasn’t the ocean, it wasn’t the wind, it’s the insurance policies and concern.”

These migration insurance policies are actually being known as into query within the case of the boy’s 25-year-old father, who’s grieving the lack of his solely little one. Already devastated, the daddy has discovered himself charged with little one endangerment for taking his son on the perilous journey from Turkey to the close by Greek island of Samos. If convicted, he faces as much as 10 years in jail.

The costs are a stark departure from Greece’s earlier therapy of migrant shipwreck survivors. That is believed to be the primary time within the European Union {that a} surviving father or mother faces prison prosecution for the demise of their little one within the pursuit of a greater life in Europe.

The daddy’s hopes have been dashed on a chilly November evening in opposition to the rocks of Samos, a picturesque island that additionally homes Greece’s most overcrowded refugee camp.

“With out him I don’t know easy methods to stay,” the younger man mentioned, his mushy voice breaking as a tear rolled down his cheek. “He’s the one one I had in my life. All my hopes have been him.”

Now, he says, he typically thinks of killing himself. He now not mentions the kid’s title. The daddy agreed communicate to The Related Press on situation he solely be recognized by his initials, N.A., and that his son would not be named.

It’s not fully clear why Greek authorities took the acute step of charging this man when so many others have been in his place. Activists suspect the transfer signifies a hardening of Greece’s already restrictive migration insurance policies, or recommend it might be an try to divert consideration from doable negligence by the coast guard.

However Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi rejected the concept the case heralded a change in coverage.

“If there may be the lack of human life, it have to be investigated whether or not some individuals, by means of negligence or intentionally, acted exterior the boundaries of the regulation,” Mitarachi mentioned, including that every incident is handled based on its circumstances.

He famous that the lives of asylum-seekers aren’t in peril in Turkey, a rustic the EU has deemed secure.

“The individuals who select to get into boats that are unseaworthy, and are pushed by individuals who don’t have any expertise of the ocean, clearly put human lives in danger,” he mentioned.

The daddy mentioned he had no alternative however to make the journey. His asylum utility in Turkey had been rejected twice and he feared deportation to Afghanistan, a rustic he fled on the age of 9. He needed his son to go to high school, the place, in contrast to him, the boy may be taught to learn and write, and ultimately fulfil his dream of turning into a police officer.

“I didn’t come right here for enjoyable. I used to be compelled. I didn’t have one other manner in my life,” he mentioned. “I made a decision to go for the way forward for my son, for my future, so we will go someplace to stay, and my son can research.”


On the southeastern fringe of the EU and with 1000’s of kilometers of shoreline bordering Turkey, Greece has discovered itself on the frontline of Europe’s migration disaster. From 2014 to 2020, greater than 1.2 million individuals traveled alongside the jap Mediterranean migration route, the overwhelming majority by means of Greece, based on figures from the U.N. refugee company. Greater than 2,000 died or went lacking.

Final March, as Greek-Turkish relations soured, Turkey introduced its borders to the EU have been open, sending 1000’s of migrants to the Greek border. Greece accused Turkey of weaponizing the desperation of migrants and quickly suspended asylum functions.

Support teams and asylum seekers have additionally complained of pushbacks, the unlawful deportation of migrants with out permitting them to use for asylum. They accuse Greece’s coast guard of choosing up new arrivals and towing them in life rafts in the direction of Turkish waters — a declare vehemently denied by Greek authorities.

The AP has pieced collectively what occurred within the case of this mild-mannered father and his useless son from interviews with the daddy, one other passenger, the person who first reported their arrival, the coast guard and authorized paperwork.

Divorced and elevating his son alone, N.A. mentioned he obtained a smuggler’s quantity from a neighbor after his second asylum rejection in Turkey, the place he had lived for years.

Their journey to Europe started within the Turkish coastal city of Izmir, the place the 24 passengers, all Afghans, gathered in a home. Amongst them have been Ebrahim Haidari, a 29-year-old development employee, and his spouse.

Haidari remembers the little boy as an clever, candy little one who simply struck up conversations with the opposite passengers and joked with the smugglers in fluent Turkish. He was struck by the shut relationship between the boy and his younger father, who Haidari mentioned was as a lot a giant brother and pal to the kid as a father.

On Nov. 7, a chilly, cloudy, windy evening, the group boarded a truck headed to a wooded a part of the Turkish coast, arriving at round 10 p.m.

There have been 4 smugglers in all, Haidari mentioned. The ocean wasn’t significantly calm and the passengers have been apprehensive, particularly since at the least some couldn’t swim. However the smugglers assured them the climate would enhance.

The boy didn’t share the adults’ anxieties. He had by no means been to the ocean earlier than, his father mentioned, and he was desirous to sail in a ship.

The boat was an inflatable dinghy, the kind most popular by smugglers on the Turkish coast. Low cost and dispensable, they’re normally overloaded with individuals, and a passenger is made to steer so the smugglers keep away from arrest. No less than one of many smugglers was armed.

As soon as they donned lifejackets, everybody was compelled into the boat, Haidari and the daddy mentioned. One smuggler drove a brief manner earlier than making a passenger take over the steering, telling him to go towards a lightweight within the distance. In a flash, the smuggler dove overboard and swam away.

Sitting simply in entrance of Haidari and his spouse, the daddy held his son tightly in his arms.

As one hour became two after which three, the climate deteriorated. The wind whipped the ocean into ever-larger waves, and the inexperienced designated captain struggled to manage the boat.

“I don’t know what the smugglers thought, leaving us in such a foul state of affairs,” Haidari mentioned. “We didn’t know something concerning the sea.”

Tossed by the waves, the dinghy took on water. Folks screamed they’d die. To make issues worse, gasoline was working out — the smugglers had offered barely sufficient to achieve Greece.

All of the sudden, the form of a mountain loomed out of the darkness. Petrified of dying at sea, they turned towards it.

However the shoreline was jagged with rocks. The waves smacked the dinghy in opposition to the rocks as soon as, then twice. The boat broke in two. Earlier than they knew it, the passengers have been within the water.

As they tumbled into the inky sea, the kid slipped out of his father’s embrace. The waves closed over the person’s head.

He didn’t know easy methods to swim, however ultimately his lifejacket introduced him to the floor. He scanned the waves for his boy, listening for his voice. He shouted till the salt water made him hoarse. Nothing.

He sank beneath the waves once more. Out of seemingly nowhere, a hand grabbed his and dragged him towards a rock. He doesn’t know who it was, however he’s positive that particular person saved his life.

There was chaos throughout. Folks have been calling for his or her brothers, wives, sons. Haidari and his spouse struggled within the waves to remain alive, crying and vomiting seawater.

At one level, N.A. and Haidari mentioned, a ship appeared and switched on a searchlight. The survivors raised their palms and shouted for assist, however the boat handed on.

About 15 to twenty minutes later, Haidari mentioned, a second boat appeared. Once more, they hoped for a rescue, however once more the vessel shone its searchlights and moved on.

“Possibly they didn’t see us or didn’t need to assist us,” Haidari mentioned.

The daddy is for certain the crew noticed him and the individuals within the water. He mentioned that when he shouted and waved, the patrol boat educated its searchlight on him.

“They didn’t assist,” he mentioned. “They have been going round and coming again, going round and coming again.”


The account of the coast guard is sort of totally different within the essential query of whether or not it acted quick sufficient, and whether or not its patrol boats noticed the struggling migrants.

Authorized paperwork obtained by the AP present the method of charging the daddy was initiated by the Samos coast guard, which knowledgeable the prosecutor of a person’s arrest for “exposing his minor son to hazard throughout the tried unlawful entry into the nation by sea.”

Greece’s Delivery and Island Coverage Ministry, below whose jurisdiction the coast guard falls, did not grant permission for Samos coast guard officers to talk to the AP. The prosecutor did not reply to an interview request.

Nonetheless, a Samos coast guard official outlined authorities’ account of occasions that evening, talking on situation of anonymity.

The coast guard was alerted at round midnight by an English-speaking man who offered coordinates for a doable migrant boat, the official mentioned. The coordinates have been on land on Cape Prasso, a mountainous, roughly five-kilometer-long (three-mile-long) peninsula of powerful terrain, with steep rocky slopes.

That man was Tommy Olsen, founding father of Aegean Boat Report, a Norwegian nonprofit which screens and gives info on arrivals on the Greek islands. Olsen mentioned people who find themselves reluctant to contact Greek authorities for concern of pushbacks contact him as an alternative.

On that evening, Olsen mentioned, he acquired a name from somebody saying a gaggle had arrived on Samos, however a number of individuals have been lacking. Olsen mentioned he instantly knowledgeable the Samos coast guard and shared the coordinates.

The coast guard official mentioned upon receiving the decision, they instantly initiated emergency procedures, dispatching two coast guard vessels that left the primary port of Vathy at round 12:20 a.m. The vessels arrived within the space at round 1 a.m., the official mentioned, however noticed no person.

At round 6 a.m., one of many vessels noticed a closely pregnant girl behind a rock in a treacherous a part of the coast, the official added. Whereas rescuing her, which took about an hour and a half, they discovered the boy’s physique close by. Paperwork present the vessel carrying the lady and little one returned to Vathy at round 9:30 a.m.

The girl and little one weren’t associated. At across the similar time as they have been discovered, at roughly 6:40 a.m. on Nov. 8, a two-person coast guard foot patrol got here throughout a gaggle of 10 individuals on the hill of Cape Prasso, a number of hours’ stroll away. The group included the daddy.

“When you have a useless little one, you strive to determine who he was with,” the official mentioned. “It’s totally different when you have got family there serving to, and totally different while you discover them alone.”

The suggestion is, the very fact the daddy wasn’t along with his son after they have been discovered was a key purpose for him being charged.

The indictment accuses him of “leaving your … little one helpless.” It says the daddy allowed his son to board an unseaworthy boat in unhealthy climate with out carrying an applicable lifejacket — though a photograph within the case file of the boy’s physique clearly reveals him in a baby’s lifejacket.

“These individuals must depend on smugglers, and these smugglers determine when and the place individuals take these journeys,” mentioned Nick van der Steenhoven, the Greece and Europe advocacy and coverage officer for refugee rights charity Select Love. The daddy and son, he mentioned, “turned sufferer of the failure of the European Union to offer secure and authorized routes” for asylum-seekers.

The daddy, his protection lawyer, Dimitris Choulis, and Olsen paint one other image of that evening’s occasions: considered one of delays and negligence by the coast guard. Choulis is submitting an utility with the Samos prosecutor requesting an investigation. The daddy, he mentioned, is satisfied his son would nonetheless be alive if the coast guard had acted sooner.

The lawyer considers the fees “the product of panic and never the product of some broader coverage … However routinely we’re creating another impediment to those individuals to assert asylum.”


N.A. mentioned he desperately sought assist to search out his son all evening.

When he managed to tug himself ashore, he mentioned, he searched and shouted for his son to no avail. No person had seen his boy. He needed to dive again into the waves to search for him, however didn’t know easy methods to swim.

After trying to find two hours, he determined to attempt to discover assist. He persuaded a gaggle of survivors to go together with him, and so they trekked by means of the evening throughout the powerful terrain.

As daybreak broke, they stumbled on the coast guard foot patrol. Court docket paperwork point out the daddy managed to convey to the officers that his son was lacking, displaying them his doable location on a cell phone.

The daddy mentioned they quickly realized the situation was too far for a search on foot themselves, and that reinforcements have been wanted. The passengers have been taken to the island’s refugee camp for identification and coronavirus testing.

His recollection of the precise timeline of occasions from there on is considerably obscure. A lady got here to the daddy with a photograph and requested if it was his son. It was.

He was advised the boy had been discovered however had been taken to the hospital and was in a coma. The lacking pregnant girl had additionally been discovered alive, he heard.

Sooner or later the pregnant girl additionally arrived on the camp, and the daddy’s hopes have been buoyed; if she had survived, maybe his son would too.

Then he was separated from the others and brought for questioning. He requested to see his son, however was advised he needed to be interviewed first.

When the interview was over, he nonetheless wasn’t allowed to see his little one. Finally, he mentioned, the police known as the hospital. They advised him his son had been useless already when he arrived on the hospital.

“Why did they do that to me?” the daddy mentioned, distraught on the thought he had held out false hope of his son surviving. “They need to not have carried out that. They need to have advised me the reality.”

The daddy was then jailed on expenses of endangering his son’s life.

“I used to be heartbroken,” he mentioned. “An individual who loses his family members, his son, after which he goes to jail in that situation, alone … Is it humane to do that factor?”

It took three days and stress from his lawyer, Choulis, for him to be allowed to see his son’s physique.

The coast guard escorted him to the hospital morgue, handcuffed. After they got here again up quarter-hour later, the person wasn’t carrying handcuffs anymore and the coast guard officers have been carrying him, Choulis mentioned. He had collapsed.

The daddy was ultimately launched on the bail situation that he not depart the nation. Refugee organizations put him up in a resort.

The little boy’s physique lay within the morgue for weeks. His demise certificates reveals he was buried on Nov. 30, within the small cemetery above the village of Iraion, the place different victims of migrant shipwrecks lie.

The daddy has since been granted non permanent asylum in Greece. However with out his son, he mentioned, he doesn’t a lot care the place, or if, he lives.

“His son was his pal, he was every part to him,” Haidari mentioned. “He was his hope to be alive.”


Theodora Tongas in Vathy, Greece contributed to this report.


Comply with AP’s world migration protection at

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