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DR Congo Nation Profile

Map of DR Congo

The current historical past of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has been considered one of civil battle and corruption.

DR Congo is an enormous nation with immense financial sources and, till not too long ago, has been on the middle of what some observers name the “Africa World Warfare,” with civilians largely endured.

The battle has claimed as much as six million lives, both as a direct results of the combating or from illness and malnutrition.

The battle had an financial in addition to a political aspect. The combating was fueled by the nation’s huge mineral wealth, with all sides benefiting from anarchy to plunder pure sources.

Some militias are combating within the east, the place a big United Nations pressure is combating to maintain the peace.

President: Félix Tshisekedi

President of DR Congo F & # xe9;  lix TshisekediPresident of DR Congo F & # xe9;  lix Tshisekedi
President of DR Congo Félix Tshisekedi

Opposition chief candidate Félix Tshisekedi grew to become president in January 2019 after prolonged political disputes following a controversial election the earlier month.

Rival opposition candidate Martin Fayulu accused him of constructing a take care of the federal government, whose personal candidate Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary completed third; Mr. Tshisekedi succeeded Joseph Kabila, who grew to become president when his personal father Laurent was assassinated in 2001.

The brand new president additionally got here from a political dynasty, his father Étienne being chief of the opposition after which prime minister beneath dictator Mobutu Sese Seko within the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties.

Informal mining operation in DR CongoInformal mining operation in DR Congo
Casual mining operations represent a big a part of DR Congo’s mining business

The Congolese media function towards a backdrop of political energy struggles and unrest.

Reporters With out Borders says journalists face arrests, threats and violence.

The press criticizes the federal government and a few publications mirror the views of opposition events.

Radio is the primary medium. Radio Okapi, managed partly by the native United Nations mission, is an influential medium.

Some key dates within the historical past of the DRCongo:

Mobutu Sese Seko from ZaireMobutu Sese Seko from Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko dominated between 1965 and 1997, gaining notoriety for monopolizing energy and amassing huge private wealth.

1200 s – The rise of the Kongo empire, centered within the north of contemporary Angola and comprising the acute west of the Congo and the territories across the Kisale and Upemba lakes in central Katanga (now Shaba).

16 to 17 centuries – British, Dutch, Portuguese and French retailers have interaction within the slave commerce via Kongo middlemen.

1870s – Belgian King Leopold II creates a personal firm to colonize Kongo.

1908 – Congo Free State positioned beneath Belgian domination following the indignation aroused by the therapy of the Congolese.

1960 – Independence, adopted by civil battle and the momentary fragmentation of the nation.

1965 – Mobutu Sese Seko takes energy.

1997 – The rebels oust Mobutu. Laurent Kabila turns into president.

1997-2003 – Civil battle, attracting in a number of neighboring nations. Dozens of armed teams are combating within the east, requiring a big United Nations army pressure to attempt to preserve order.

2006 – First free elections in 4 many years. Joseph Kabila wins the second spherical.

2016 – President Kabila stays in energy in violation of the structure.

2019 – Officers declare opposition candidate Felix Tshisekedi the winner of the December presidential election.

Read the full timeline

Fishermen on the shores of Lake Edward in the Democratic Republic of the CongoFishermen on the shores of Lake Edward in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Virunga Nationwide Park in jap DR Congo has been severely affected by battle within the area

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